SA resumed at 7-94, chasing an unlikely 80 more runs to win in a match dominated by low scoring, and were bowled out for 131.
The extraordinary penultimate-round encounter produced just 447 runs and lasted less than seven sessions.
Jake Lehmann was South Australia’s main hope of a first win of the season but the middle-order batsman fell lbw to Michael Neser for 42 in the third over of the day, having been dropped two balls earlier.
Lehmann top scored for the match, such was the low-scoring nature of the contest.
Tailenders Nick Winter (21 not out) and Joe Mennie (12) briefly showed some late resistance after the Redbacks had lost 6-8 in their first innings to be bowled out for 71.
Queensland’s seam attack of Neser (1-27) and Luke Feldman (2-46) were on song from the outset but it was leg-spinner Mitch Swepson (1-4) who made the vital breakthrough.
Swepson had Mennie caught at mid-wicket and Cameron Gannon (2-21) had Luke Robins caught behind for one.
Mark Steketee, who did most of the damage for the hosts on day two, was unable to add to his haul to finish with 4-29.
The opening day produced 17 wickets, only to be outdone on day two when 20 wickets fell as Queensland managed to grab a 44-run first innings lead.
The result pushed the Bulls temporarily into third but a lack of bonus points means they have only the slimmest mathematical hope of reaching the final.
South Australia’s final chance to register a win this season will be against Shield leaders Victoria next week.
We value local independent journalism. We hope you do too.
InDaily provides valuable, local independent journalism in South Australia. As a news organisation it offers an alternative to The Advertiser, a different voice and a closer look at what is happening in our city and state for free. Any contribution to help fund our work is appreciated. Please click below to become an InDaily supporter.