Premier Daniel Andrews confirmed the new cases on Friday, with just 26 linked to known infections, while 262 remain under investigation.
The new cases push the state’s active case tally past 1000 for the first time.
Previously, the highest daily state total in Australia was 212 cases recorded in NSW on March 27.
Andrews said the state’s number of cases was “always going to get worse before it gets better”.
“I know there will be great concern about these numbers. People will feel deeply concerned to see that number as high as it is,” he said.
He said he was comforted by the record number of tests conducted in the state, including a record 37,588 tests on Thursday.
Victoria’s Chief Health Officer has requested people in locked-down metropolitan Melbourne and Mitchell Shire wear masks when they are out of their home and can’t social distance.
Two million reusable masks and one million single-use masks will be distributed by the government.
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